Unable to accept differences between team members or address issues, some teams fail to work productively. By this stage, teams have developed a sense of shared purpose – and this means that their productivity increases. Real work rarely gets done at the forming stage, but it’s not a problem.

tuckman's stages of team development

The level of cohesiveness on the team primarily determines whether team members accept and conform to norms. Team cohesiveness is the extent that members are attracted to the team and are motivated to remain in the team. Members of highly cohesive teams value their membership, are committed to team activities, and gain satisfaction from team success. They try to conform to norms because they want to maintain their relationships in the team and they want to meet team expectations.

Use a collaboration tool like Teamwork Spaces to organize and store your documentation. You’ll be able to access all of your important documents in one location so your team won’t waste time searching for important materials. Here are 6 ways Teamwork Spaces can power your marketing team. At this point, explain how each team member is expected to help. For example, let the designers know that the user interface will be reviewed to see whether there’s an opportunity to make improvements.

Collaborative On-Line Research and Learning

Not knowing each other, people tend to work alone, and that might put future teamwork at risk. You can also choose to end each meeting with insightful and constructive feedback that improves the group process. To take it one step further, leave specific time for this feedback when you outline the meeting agenda. That way, it’s built-in to the time and it’ll never go forgotten. When each of the five stages is carried through, your group will feel more in sync and be a high-functioning unit. No one is afraid to ask a question, bring up a concern, or pose a new way of going about certain tasks.

The movie takes place at a high school in Virginia in 1971. The school replaces its current Caucasian football coach – Bill Yoast with an African American coach – Herman Boone. Some people might even question the team’s goals and avoid taking on tasks . But some teams never make it to pass the storming stage . Action-Strategies-By-Design offers a wide range of services, assessments, and trainings to help organizations build high-performing teams.

tuckman's stages of team development

Emotional issues need to be ignored in order to achieve goals. At the norming stage, the team members are clear on what their role within the group contains. They’ve gained respect for their leader and other members in the group and make decisions together. While working on a high-performing team may be a truly pleasurable and growthful experience, it is not the end of team development. There is still a need for the team to focus on both process and product, setting new goals as appropriate. Changes, such as members coming or going or large-scale changes in the external environment, can lead a team to cycle back to an earlier stage.

How Action-Strategies-By-Design Can Help You Build a Team Culture

Norming is a great stage for a team, since many barriers will have been broken down and the team can really start working in harmony. Encourage all ideas and provide positive feedback when an idea is presented. Come prepared with relevant and fun questions to get people talking and learning about one another.

You can compare it with the first day at school or even a first date. Values are standards or things that are important to you. These are all valid answers since it’s what you as an individual deem important for your work life. The storming stage is critical because some teams may never progress beyond it. When members disagree or experience conflict within the group, their frustration increases and may cause them to lose motivation for the goal or project.

Trade-offs – In this exercise, you’ll agree on what you should optimize for and where you can be flexible, so you can make those small, every-day decisions about your work autonomously. Elevator Pitch – This exercise answers the “What exactly are we doing, and why? Creating an elevator pitch together sets your team up with a consistent and simple explanation of your work and the unique value it delivers. Remote Control Keep on top of your work from home life with these tips and ideas from our team to yours.

Navigating the “norming” stage

Find tools that don’t require hours of training and automate basic functions to get the job done. For example, if the project includes updating social media, sending email marketing campaigns, or even creating lead magnets, a tool like HubSpot is great for this level of marketing automation. Before committing to a tool, give your team some time to work with it and test it out to make sure it fits their needs. Lots of tools offer free trials, so use that time to experiment and check its compatibility with other products you use.

tuckman's stages of team development

Every time a new team member joins the team, you are faced with new challenges, rapid learning, interpersonal skill test and many more. Team may cycle through storming, norming and performing multiple times. This is likely to happen whenever there are changes to project team, such as people leaving or joining the group. The team members have to reset and sort out their roles, relationships, and responsibilities within the new structure.

Privacy is important to us, so you have the option of disabling certain types of storage that may not be necessary for the basic functioning of the website. Blocking stages of group development categories may impact your experience on the website. Creating a team plan is a crucial exercise for the success of your team and business as a whole.

At this stage, things are going so well that team members might fear the break up of the team if further risks and innovations are taken. Encourage your team to continue to break out of their comfort zone to achieve better results. The principal work for the team during the Forming stage is to create a team with clear structure, goals, direction and roles so that members begin to build trust. During the Forming stage, much of the team’s energy is focused on defining the team so task accomplishment may be relatively low. Having a way to identify and understand causes for changes in the team behaviors can help the team maximize its process and its productivity. Norms are only effective in controlling behaviors when they are accepted by team members.

Why Tuckman’s Stages of Team Development is Helpful

Team members may feel a variety of concerns about the team’s impending dissolution. They may be feeling some anxiety because of uncertainty about their individual role or future responsibilities. They may feel sadness or a sense of loss about the changes coming to their team relationships. And at the same time, team members may feel a sense of deep satisfaction at the accomplishments of the team.

The forming → storming → norming → performing model of group development was first proposed by psychological researcher Bruce Tuckman in 1965. The performing stage is when your team is truly interdependent. Teamwork and creativity is at an all time high, and team members step up to take ownership over multiple parts of the project. Leaders provide little direction, meanwhile team members share new information and solutions constantly. In this stage, everyone is working towards the team’s goals, and group cohesion is at an all time high.

What is your bus factor? (plus 8 ways to improve it)

Meeting MinutesCreate official records of the discussions and action items generated during meetings and save time with Fellow’s meeting minutes templates. Cross-Functional MeetingsStay aligned on projects, drive progress and accountability, and improve collaboration. SolutionsMeeting agenda softwareCollaborate on meeting agendas, assign action items, and ask for meeting feedback. AnalyticsGain insight about your company’s meeting frequency, productivity, and feedback culture. Emerging boundaries become contested and conflicts occur. Though Tuckman presented the different phases as a linear model, it is important to realize that in practice, the phases are rather fluid and group formation is not always a linear process.


The team may find that this is an appropriate time for an evaluation of team processes and productivity. Behaviors during the Norming stage may include members making a conscious effort to resolve problems and achieve group harmony. There might be more frequent and more meaningful communication among team members, and an increased willingness to share ideas or ask teammates for help. Team members refocus on established team groundrules and practices and return their focus to the team’s tasks. Teams may begin to develop their own language or inside jokes. At this stage people avoid conflict and „play nice” with each other because they want to be accepted into the group.

While there are no stages left, it’s important to ensure that your project ends on a high note. This may be the time for more oversight, similar to the forming stage, to encourage the tying up of loose ends. This is also an important time to meet with team members, provide feedback, and discuss next steps. The storming stage of group development is one of the most critical stages, but it’s also the most dreaded.

Further developments

By signing up, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and to receiving marketing communication from Toggl Track. It is important to instill this sense of responsibility in a group. But, you may still need to remind and motivate members to be productive. When you lead a group, part of your responsibility is to observe. Each person in your group holds some value, otherwise they wouldn’t be there, right? Without them, no one will know what is considered acceptable behavior.


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